Neurology and Neurosurgeries
Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
Brain and spinal cord tumours are abnormal growths of tissue found inside the bony spinal column or the skull, which are the primary components of CNS.
Symptoms of brain and spinal cord tumours generally develop slowly and worsen over time unless they are treated.
The commonest symptoms of brain tumours are seizures, weakness of one side of the body, headaches and a change in personality.
Spinal cord tumour symptoms include back pain, weakness in the legs and arms, change in bladder function, impotence and loss of feeling in the legs.
Complex Spine Surgery
Complex spine surgeries are those that:
Involve six or more vertebrae in the spine
Require six or more hours of surgery
People considering this type of surgery have spinal deformities or major curvatures from scoliosis or kyphosis, spinal tumors, or severe spinal trauma.
Minimally Invasive Neck and Back Surgery
Cervical refers to the 7 vertebrae of the neck. ...
Minimally invasive spine surgery involves a small incision or incisions and muscle dilation, allowing the surgeon to separate the muscles surrounding the spine rather than cutting them.
This approach preserves the surrounding muscular and vascular function.
Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a type of radiation therapy used to treat tumors, vascular malformations and other abnormalities in the brain. ...
Instead,Gamma Knife radiosurgery uses specialized equipment to focus about 200 tiny beams of radiation on a tumor or other target with submillimeter accuracy.
Skull-based and Pituitary Tumors
Defined by location, tumors that develop at the base of the skull are called skull base tumors.
While they are often benign and slow growing,they can become a concern when they impact function by compressing sensitive anatomy in the brain such as the brainstem, cranial nerves and blood vessels.
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a non-surgical radiation therapy used to treat functional abnormalities and small tumors of the brain.
It can deliver precisely-targeted radiation in fewer high-dose treatments than traditional therapy, which can help preserve healthy tissue.
Pain Management is a medical approach that draws on disciplines in science and alternative healing to study the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of pain. ...
Pain management programs can employ massage therapy, analgesic medications, physical therapy, and epidural steroid injections, among others to treat back pain.
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
Deep brain stimulation is a neurosurgical procedure involving the implantation of a medical device called a neurostimulator, which sends electrical impulses, through implanted electrodes, to specific targets in the brain for the treatment of movement and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Spinal Decompression Rehabilitation Therapy (IDD)
Non-Surgical Pain Relief. Insurance Accepted! Spinal Decompression, or IDD (Internal Disc Decompression) Therapy is a proven treatment for the relief of lower back pain.
With an up to 86% success rate, thousands of patients have experienced dramatic pain relief and healing.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain.
If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face — such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup — may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain.
Cerebral Vascular Brain Disorders
Cerebrovascular disease includes stroke, carotid stenosis, vertebral stenosis and intracranial stenosis, aneurysms, and vascular malformations.
Restrictions in blood flow may occur from vessel narrowing (stenosis), clot formation (thrombosis), blockage (embolism) or blood vessel rupture (hemorrhage).
Hydrocephalus/ Arnold Chiari Malformation
It occurs when part of the skull is abnormally small or misshapen.
Symptoms include pain and trouble swallowing.
Treatment may involve monitoring and surgery. Medication may be given to manage symptoms such as pain.
This is a condition of the discs between vertebrae with loss of cushioning, fragmentation and herniation related to ageing.
There may be no symptoms. In some cases, the spine loses flexibility and bone spurs may pinch a nerve root, causing pain or weakness.
Treatment can include exercise, medication and physiotherapy.
In surgery, a percutaneous procedure is any medical procedure or method where access to inner organs or other tissue is done via needle-puncture of the skin, rather than by using an "open" approach where inner organs or tissue are exposed (typically with the use of a scalpel).
Open and other interventional procedures
An interventional procedure is used for diagnosis or for treatment. It involves: making a cut or a hole to gain access to the inside of a patient's body.
For example, carrying out an operation or inserting a tube into a blood vessel, gaining access to a body cavity without cutting.
Spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare, abnormal tangle of blood vessels on, in or near the spinal cord.
Without treatment, spinal AVM can permanently damage your spinal cord. Oxygen-rich blood normally enters your spinal cord through arteries, which branch into smaller blood vessels (capillaries).
Spinal dysraphism is a broad term given to a group of anomalies where there are malformations in the dorsum of the embryo. Neural tube defects come under this group as well.
Spine reconstruction and fixation
Immobilization of the spine (usually with implants such as metallic screws and rods/plates, or interbody cages).
Internal fixation serves to immobilize the spine while the bony bridge heals across the two vertebrae.
Metal fixation of the spine is considered a temporary splint to the spine to hold it while it fuses.
Surgical pain management
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The effective relief of pain is of the atmost importance to anyone treating patients undergoing surgery....
According to the American Society of Anesthesiologist
practice guidelines for acute pain management in the perioperative setting, acute pain is defined as pain present in a surgical patient after a procedure.
Spine trauma care
A person's level of injury is defined as the lowest level of full sensation and function.
Paraplegia occurs when the legs are affected by the spinal cord damage (in thoracic, lumbar, or sacral injuries), and tetraplegia occurs when all four limbs are affected (cervical damage).
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are similar medical spinal procedures in which bone cement is injected through a small hole in the skin into a fractured vertebra with the goal of relieving back pain caused by vertebral compression fractures.