Non-Invasive Cardiology and Diagnostic
Non-Invasive Cardiology Diagnostic Testing. The types of non-invasive cardiology diagnostic tests performed include: electrocardiogram (EKG), exercise stress test, nuclear exercise stress test, Holter monitor, echocardiogram (echo), stress echocardiogram and transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE).
Non-invasive cardiologists focus on the detection and treatment of heart disease, using external tests—rather than instruments inserted into the body—to evaluate and diagnose cardiac disorders.
Invasive and Interventional Cardiology
Invasive and interventional cardiology is currently closely associated with cardiologists (physicians who treat the diseases of the heart), though the development and most of its early research and procedures were performed by diagnostic and interventional radiologists.
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. ... A large number of procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
Coronary artery bypass grafting is a procedure performed on people who are suffering from severe heart conditions, such as coronary atherosclerosis or ACS.
The surgery creates a new path for blood to flow to the heart. The surgeon takes a healthy piece of vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. Then the surgeon attaches it to the coronary artery, just above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more than one bypass.
Heart Valve Replacement
Heart Valve replacement surgery is the replacement of one or more of the heart valves with either an artificial heart valve or a bioprosthesis. It is an alternative to valve repair.
Heart valve surgery may be performed during open-heart surgery, which involves a cut (incision) in the chest. Doctors may sometimes perform minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves the use of smaller incisions than those used in open-heart surgery.
Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery
Pediatric heart surgeons offer the special care needed to fix both congenital (existing at birth) and acquired heart problems in children. Pediatric heart surgeons treat complex congenital heart defects in newborns, children, and adolescents, as well as adults.